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Knee Conditions

  • Chondromalacia Patella


    Chondromalacia patella is a common condition characterized by softening, weakening and damage of the cartilage.

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  • Jumper's Knee


    Jumper’s knee, also known as patellar tendinitis, is inflammation of the patellar tendon that connects your kneecap...

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  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome

    Iliotibial-Band Syndrome

    An iliotibial band is a tough group of fibers that runs from the iliac crest of the hip along the outside...

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  • Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee


    Osteochondritis dissecans is a joint condition in which a piece of cartilage, along with a thin layer of the bone...

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  • Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) Tears


    The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is a ligament that joins the kneecap (patella) to the thighbone (femur).

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  • Knee Injury


    If care is not taken during the initial phases of injury, it may lead to joint damage, which may end up destroying your knee.

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  • Knee Sprain


    Knee sprain is a common injury that occurs from overstretching of the ligaments that support the knee joint.

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  • ACL Tears


    The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the major ligaments of the knee.

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  • MCL Tears


    The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the ligament located on the inner part of the knee joint.

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  • MCL Sprains


    MCL sprains occur due to a sudden impact from the outside of your knee, most commonly while playing sports such as rugby and football.

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  • Meniscal Injuries


    Meniscal tears are one of the most common injuries to the knee joint. It can occur at any age but are more common...

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  • Knee Ligament Injuries


    Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect one bone to another bone.

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  • Knee Arthritis


    Arthritis is a general term covering numerous conditions where the joint surface or cartilage wears out.

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  • Patellar Dislocation/Patellofemoral Dislocation

    Patellar Dislocation/Patellofemoral-Dislocation

    Patellar dislocation occurs when the patella moves out of the patellofemoral groove, (trochlea) onto the bony head of the femur.

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  • PCL Injuries


    Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), one of the four major ligaments of the knee, is situated at the back of the knee.

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  • Chondral or Articular Cartilage Defects

    Chondral-or Articular-Cartilage-Defects

    The articular or hyaline cartilage is the tissue lining the surface of the two bones in the knee joint.

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  • Patellar Instability


    The patella is a small piece of bone in front of the knee that slides up and down the groove in the femur bone during bending...

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  • Patella Fracture


    The patella can also be fractured indirectly, due to a sudden contraction of the thigh muscles.

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  • Patellar Tendon Rupture


    The patellar tendon works together with the quadriceps muscle and the quadriceps tendon to allow your knee to straighten out.

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  • Lateral Meniscus Syndrome


    Lateral meniscus syndrome is characterized by an injury caused by the tearing of the cartilage tissue...

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  • Knee Angular Deformities

    Knee-Angular Deformities

    Angular deformities of the knee are variations in the normal growth pattern during early childhood and are common during childhood.

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  • Ligament Injuries


    Injuries to the MCL commonly occur as a result of pressure or stress on the outside part of the knee.

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  • Posterolateral Corner Injuries

    Posterolateral Corner-Injuries

    Posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries are defined as damage to a complex area of the knee formed by the association of 3 main structures...

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  • Osteochondral Defect of the Knee


    An osteochondral defect, also commonly known as osteochondritis dissecans, of the knee refers to a damage or injury...

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  • Knee Dislocation


    Knee dislocation is a condition that occurs when the bones that form the knee joint, namely the femur or thigh bone get separated from the shin bone.

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  • Lateral Patellar Instability

    Lateral-Patellar Instability

    Lateral patellar instability is defined as a lateral shift or displacement of the patella (kneecap)...

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  • Medial Patellar Instability

    Medial-Patellar Instability

    Medial patellar instability is a disabling condition characterized by medial subluxation of the patella...

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  • Medial Gastrocnemius Strain

    Medial Gastrocnemius-Strain

    A medial gastrocnemius strain (MGS), also sometimes called “tennis leg”, is an injury to the calf muscle in the back of the leg.

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  • Distal Femur Fracture


    The distal femur refers to the lower part of the thigh bone which flares out like an upside-down funnel and its lower end...

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  • Terrible Triad Injuries


    A terrible triad injury can occur when the foot is firmly fixed on the ground and a strong force pushes the knee...

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  • Articular Cartilage Injury

    Articular Cartilage-Injury

    Articular or hyaline cartilage is the tissue lining the surface of the two bones in the knee joint.

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  • Tibial Shaft Fracture


    A tibial shaft fracture is a crack or break in the middle section of the tibia bone due to severe trauma.

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  • Knee Fracture


    A fracture is a condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone.

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  • Knee Osteoarthritis


    Osteoarthritis also called degenerative joint disease, is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs most often in older people.

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  • Knee Sports Injuries


    Sports trauma can result from accidents, inadequate training, improper use of protective devices, or insufficient stretching...

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  • Tibial Plateau Fracture

    Tibial-Plateau Fracture

    A tibial plateau fracture is a crack or break on the top surface of the tibia or shinbone in the knee joint.

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  • Patellar Tendinitis


    Patellar tendinitis, also known as "jumper's knee", is an inflammation of the patellar tendon that connects your kneecap (patella) to your shinbone.

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  • Meniscus Root Tear


    Meniscal root tears are characterized as soft tissue or bony root avulsion injuries or radial tears located within 1 cm of meniscus root attachment.

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  • Medial Meniscus Syndrome

    Medial-Meniscus Syndrome

    Medial meniscal injuries are usually considered as either traumatic or degenerative.

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  • Knee Stress Fractures


    Stress fractures of the patella or knee are very rare. Approximately two out of 10,000 athletes may experience a patella stress fracture.

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  • Multiligament Knee Injuries

    Multiligament-Knee Injuries

    Injury to more than one knee ligament is called a multiligament knee injury and may occur during sports or other physical activities.

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  • Pseudogout


    Pseudogout is a type of arthritis that is characterized by the development of a painful swelling that occurs suddenly in one or more joints.

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  • Patellofemoral Arthritis


    Patellofemoral arthritis is an inflammatory condition characterized by loss of the smooth cartilage between the kneecap (patella)...

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  • Tibial Eminence Fractures


    The tibial eminence, also called the tibial spine, is a bony protuberance of the tibia (shin bone) that attaches to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)...

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  • Knee Effusion


    Knee effusion also known as water on the knee or swollen knee is a condition characterized by swelling in the knee...

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  • Stress Fracture of the Tibia

    Stress-Fracture of the-Tibia

    A stress fracture of the tibia or shinbone is a thin fracture, also called a hairline fracture that occurs in the tibia due to excess stress or overuse.

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  • Anterior Knee Pain


    Anterior knee pain is characterized by chronic pain over the front and center of the knee joint. It is common in athletes...

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  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease


    Osgood-Schlatter disease refers to an overuse injury that occurs in the knee of growing children and adolescents.

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